Merriam Webster Dictionary defines anime as “a style of animation originating in Japan that is characterized by stark colorful graphics depicting vibrant characters in action-filled plots often with fantastic or futuristic themes”
Anime, short for animation, is a style of art most commonly associated with Japan, in which stories and characters are made into moving pictures (animation) found in movies, tv shows and some video games.
The youtuber, Otaku Gonzo Journalism, does a pretty nice job of explaining the differences between anime and cartoons. Understand that there are always going to be differing opinions on the subject, and there isn’t necessarily a right or wrong answer. Regardless of what you call them, anime and cartoons are made to be enjoyed!